CLEAN GREEN AND EFFICIENT - Water, Wind or Solar powered Electric Cars
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Wind Turbines in South Dakota
Tidal Surge Generator Operating in Ireland
SOLAR ROOF PANELS
SOLAR GLASS BUILDING WITH ALL EXTERIOR GLASS GENERATING ELECTRICITY
INTERSTING FACTS ABOUT BATTERIES, HYDROGEN, and ELECTRICITY
Solar Glass is now available from China for the exterior of buildings. It is about 18% efficient and pays for the typical high rise building in about 4-8 years. Thin Sliver Solar cell technology developed in Australia improves solar cell output by 10 times - from 80W to 800W. Electricity is 300% more efficient than gas or diesel - Electric motors in modern cars are 3 phase AC and deliver 100% torque at 0 revolutions with up to 93% efficiency.
CLEAN GREEN AND EFFICIENT
Electric cars are by nature "Clean Green and Efficient". The Most recent study conducted by the EV Museum in conjunction with a youth project, compared a 2006 model 1.3l Suzuki Swift with a Toyota RAV4 EV. When tested by the study group the Suzuki was averaging 42.5 m.p.g. (US gal) highway cycle and 35.5 m.p.g. (US gal)city cycle. The group found that overall, the Toyota RAV4 produced around 10% of the CO2 emissions of the gasoline powered 1.3 l Suzuki automobile averaging 39 m.p.g. (US gal). If this had been an SUV or full size Pick Up averaging say 20mpg then the RAV4 EV would have produced 5% of the emissions! For this comparison the group assumed that the Electric RAV received it's electricity from a coal fired power plant, and that the Suzuki received it's Gasoline from imported oil drilled and filtered in the Arab states, shipped to the US, then refined, then transported to a gas station, where it was purchased by the Gasoline vehicles driver. From research, the group found that the Suzuki Gasoline engine gave about 27% efficiency of combustion, with about 70% of energy being lost to heat production. The Toyota RAV4 EV on the other hand showed an astonishing 94% motor efficiency, with about 3.5% loss through the power electronics. The steam turbine and hydrogen sealed alternator at the coal fired power station, also showed remarkable efficiency, with nearly 96%. It must be noted that the power station informed the project group, that because the Electric Vehicle was charged between 12:00 midnight and 6:00 am, no additional coal was burnt to produce the electricity, as the grid was always over supplied at this time.
Where do you get your electricity from?
Wind, Hydro or Solar power is obviously cleanest and best,
However “Off Peak” or "night rate" electricity is also remarkably clean because it is “waste” electricity.
Off Peak electricity is electricity that would otherwise be wasted when generators are not spooled down after peak.
Even using "dirty" coal Electricity, Electric Vehicle CO2 emissions are still only about 10% of Gasoline Vehicle emissions.
Are Batteries toxic? No all modern Batteries are fully recyclable. All plastic & metal including lead, lithium, silver, cadmium and nickel is recovered.
How long do the batteries last? - about the same as a gas engine - 200,000 miles or 15 years is common for NiMH or Li-Ion. PbA is not used commercially in EV's much any more.
Electricity is 300% more efficient than gas or diesel - Electric motors in modern cars are 3 phase AC and deliver 100% torque at 0 revolutions with up to 93% efficiency.
The three phase AC drive motors become generators for braking. This recovers lost momentum stopping the car and charging the batteries as they slow and stop the car.
WHY DON'T ISEE NiMH BATTERIES OR VEHICLES ANY MORE?
Why don't we see NiMH EV's any more? Electric vehicles like the Ford Ranger, Honda EV, Nissan EV, or GM EV1.
Around 2002 Standard oil bought a controlling interest in GM Ovonics patented NiMH technology. About three weeks later Standard Oil sold this interest to Exon group. Exon banned Ovonics and Panasonic (under licence from Ovonics) from producing a NiMH Battery for use in any Electric Vehicle. Exon also successfully sued Panasonic for producing large format NiMH batteries and forced Panasonic to demolish the Production facility in Japan and repay $20m US. Since then Exon has used the Patent to prevent any manufacturer from producing a NiMH Battery for use in any Electric Vehicle. This patent expires in 2014. Clearly Standard Oil and Exon thought NiMH batteries for Electric Vehicles were a direct threat to oil sales.
WHAT IS HAPPENING WITH HYDROGEN ? IT HAS BEEN AROUND MORE THAN 10 YEARS NOW!
Hydrogen fuel cells are not efficient in autos as they create too much heat (only around 27% efficient) - But this makes fuel cells perfect for space where the outside temperature is -459F and heat is required.
Fuel cells are too costly as true fuel cells are made from laminated Platinum plates forming a membrane through which hydrogen and oxygen are recombined creating electricity and steam.
Hydrogen fuel cells must use pure Hydrogen (free from carbon) which is incredibly expensive to produce. The true hydrogen price is mostly concealed by people and organizations promoting hydrogen vehicles.
"Hydrogen is the most plentiful element in the world". True, but, it is locked up in the oceans as seawater! (H2O & Salt) - However, Pure Hydrogen is the most expensive fuel to produce for Automotive use, because it takes huge amounts of Fresh Water, electricity and toxic catalysts to produce hydrogen and oxygen, then compress the gases, especially in the quantities needed to run internal combustion engines.
Hydrogen powered prototype vehicles are produced in order to say "We are working on clean fuel zero emission vehicles" while not actually delivering any vehicles because they are not commercially viable.
These vehicles will never reach commercial viability. They are far too expensive to produce and to onerously expensive to operate, with true pricing of a tank of H2 around $800-$1200US.
We will be able to extract pure hydrogen from sea water cheaply for automotive use - This process does not exist, nor is it likely to exist.
And if the US started drawing 40 Million barrels of sea water per day from the ocean, and dumping the waste salt and organics, that would most certainly cause lots of other problems!
Dirty Fuel Cells or Ethanol powered Fuel Cells - Non Hydrogen Fuel Cells use hydrogen enriched Ethanol for fuel. These Ethanol fuel cells emit a lot of CO2 & other toxins and are not zero emission.
So Ethanol Fuel Cells solve the problem of expensive hydrogen, but defeat the purpose of a clean Fuel Cell because they emit CO2 and other pollutants.
Hydrogen vehicles and Hydrogen from seawater is only a ruse by oil companies, suppliers, brokers, and tax agencies to keep the public away from electric, Hydro electric, Solar or Wind power.
The oil suppliers and brokers worst fear, is that solar cell topped garages and small wind turbines will become popular at home and work, and therefore the auto fuel market will disappear forever.
This would be very good for consumers, the environment, and future generations, because there would be a COMPLETELY FREE, COMPLETELY CLEAN FUEL to recharge vehicles at work and at home.
DRIVE ALL WEEK WITH TWO BUCKS FIFTY OF ELECTRICITY !
Remember Electricity companies and Oil companies are big rivals for the automotive fuel market.
Most Americans commute about 30 miles per day or about 150 miles a week. In any of the Electric cars produced from 1990 to 2002 this will cost no more than $5 a week in electricity. There are still some RAV4 EV, S-10 EV, Ford Ranger EV from 1996 - 2002 on the road today with their owners enjoying low fuel costs from using electricity instead of gasoline or diesel. The owners also get the good feeling of knowing they are not polluting like a gas car. In the more efficient Electric Cars like the GM EV1 or Tesla Roadster the cost of the average weekly commute will drop to about $2.50 .
Remember Electricity companies and Oil companies are rivals for the automotive fuel market - Obviously Oil companies and their associates do not want the public to use electricity to power cars.
For almost 10 years oil companies, suppliers, & brokers have prevented NiMH batteries from being used in Electric Vehicles because this would improve electric vehicle reliability and range over Lead Acid Batteries.
Oil supply related consortiums have successfully sued US States to prevent 220v 40A power outlets from being available in public areas ( in order to limit charging possibilities ) yet they promote hydrogen.
So logically Batteries and 220v charging are good for the public and the environment, but bad for the Oil Associates. Equally hydrogen is bad for the public and no threat to the oil companies.
Currently Oil brokers and others are trying to lock up the worlds lithium supplies in order to take control of the next generation of lithium ion battery production for Automotive use.
Fortunately for the greater good, China sees a great market in Lithium Ion battery production for Automotive use and is ahead of the oil companies on this. China has the fastest growing Auto fleet in the world and is well aware of the impending environmental disaster if all their new cars become fossil fuel powered. China is already selling many different brands of electric cars!
LEAD ACID ........................... 1859
SODIUM SULFUR ..........................1960
NICKEL CADNIUM .................................. 1899
NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE................................ 1989 ................................. Ovonics and Panasonic under licence - GM EV1, S10 EV - Toyota RAV4 EV - Ford Ranger EV - Honda EV Plus
LITHIUM ION................................................................ 1991 ............................. First commercial battery - Sony - Also see Nissan Altra EV
LITHION POLYMER, COPOLYMER, LiFePO4.................. 2004 ......................... As used in the Tesla Roadster EV
Oil is a precious limited resource.
We should not waste our oil by burning it!
Everything we use each day is made from oil:-
Paint, clothing. Plastic, shoes, glasses, cups, seats, airplane seats, carpets, computers, phones.
The list goes on and on and on. Oil is such a precious finite resource.
We should be saving our oil for our children and for future generations.
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Last Updated September 2014